Imaging Psychoses

Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The main purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of whether neuroimaging techniques can or should have a role in the diagnosis or classification of mental diseases such as schizophrenia for forensic purposes. We will first review the concept of schizophrenia by describing several aspects of the illness that are increasingly well established. We will then shift our focus to what has been discovered about schizophrenia using neuroimaging methodologies to examine patients' brain structure, the connectivity of their neurons, as well as functioning under a number of different circumstances. Because of its forensic relevance, we also address schizophrenia's comorbidity with violence and substance use. Lastly, we review the potential for using neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool to classify individuals both before and after illness onset. One key observation within this chapter is that classification algorithms may benefit further from several modes of brain imaging techniques (e.g. combinations of structural, functional and connectivity markers); these algorithms may be further aided by behavioral measures, such as those assessed by neuropsychological tasks. While there are still several pending issues that need to be addressed, findings reported in this chapter suggest that there is potential for neuroimaging to become a standard component of the approach to confirming a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Perhaps in time it will be useful for distinguishing schizophrenia patients from patients with related disorders, and/or guiding treatment recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationNeuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry
Subtitle of host publicationFrom the Clinic to the Courtroom
PublisherJohn Wiley and Sons
Pages113-129
Number of pages17
ISBN (Print)9780470976999
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 16 2012

Fingerprint

Violence
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia
Neuroimaging
Comorbidity
Observation
Neurons
Brain

Keywords

  • DTI
  • FMRI
  • Forensic psychiatry
  • MRI
  • Neurodiagnostics
  • Neuroimaging
  • Schizoaffective disorder
  • Schizophrenia

Cite this

Camchong, J., & MacDonald, A. (2012). Imaging Psychoses: Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence. In Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the Clinic to the Courtroom (pp. 113-129). John Wiley and Sons. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119968900.ch7

Imaging Psychoses : Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence. / Camchong, Jazmin; MacDonald, Angus.

Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the Clinic to the Courtroom. John Wiley and Sons, 2012. p. 113-129.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Camchong, J & MacDonald, A 2012, Imaging Psychoses: Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence. in Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the Clinic to the Courtroom. John Wiley and Sons, pp. 113-129. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119968900.ch7
Camchong J, MacDonald A. Imaging Psychoses: Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence. In Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the Clinic to the Courtroom. John Wiley and Sons. 2012. p. 113-129 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119968900.ch7
Camchong, Jazmin ; MacDonald, Angus. / Imaging Psychoses : Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence. Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry: From the Clinic to the Courtroom. John Wiley and Sons, 2012. pp. 113-129
@inbook{747e1283213240b68cb176f4aea13ec1,
title = "Imaging Psychoses: Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence",
abstract = "The main purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of whether neuroimaging techniques can or should have a role in the diagnosis or classification of mental diseases such as schizophrenia for forensic purposes. We will first review the concept of schizophrenia by describing several aspects of the illness that are increasingly well established. We will then shift our focus to what has been discovered about schizophrenia using neuroimaging methodologies to examine patients' brain structure, the connectivity of their neurons, as well as functioning under a number of different circumstances. Because of its forensic relevance, we also address schizophrenia's comorbidity with violence and substance use. Lastly, we review the potential for using neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool to classify individuals both before and after illness onset. One key observation within this chapter is that classification algorithms may benefit further from several modes of brain imaging techniques (e.g. combinations of structural, functional and connectivity markers); these algorithms may be further aided by behavioral measures, such as those assessed by neuropsychological tasks. While there are still several pending issues that need to be addressed, findings reported in this chapter suggest that there is potential for neuroimaging to become a standard component of the approach to confirming a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Perhaps in time it will be useful for distinguishing schizophrenia patients from patients with related disorders, and/or guiding treatment recommendations.",
keywords = "DTI, FMRI, Forensic psychiatry, MRI, Neurodiagnostics, Neuroimaging, Schizoaffective disorder, Schizophrenia",
author = "Jazmin Camchong and Angus MacDonald",
year = "2012",
month = "3",
day = "16",
doi = "10.1002/9781119968900.ch7",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780470976999",
pages = "113--129",
booktitle = "Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Imaging Psychoses

T2 - Diagnosis and Prediction of Violence

AU - Camchong, Jazmin

AU - MacDonald, Angus

PY - 2012/3/16

Y1 - 2012/3/16

N2 - The main purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of whether neuroimaging techniques can or should have a role in the diagnosis or classification of mental diseases such as schizophrenia for forensic purposes. We will first review the concept of schizophrenia by describing several aspects of the illness that are increasingly well established. We will then shift our focus to what has been discovered about schizophrenia using neuroimaging methodologies to examine patients' brain structure, the connectivity of their neurons, as well as functioning under a number of different circumstances. Because of its forensic relevance, we also address schizophrenia's comorbidity with violence and substance use. Lastly, we review the potential for using neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool to classify individuals both before and after illness onset. One key observation within this chapter is that classification algorithms may benefit further from several modes of brain imaging techniques (e.g. combinations of structural, functional and connectivity markers); these algorithms may be further aided by behavioral measures, such as those assessed by neuropsychological tasks. While there are still several pending issues that need to be addressed, findings reported in this chapter suggest that there is potential for neuroimaging to become a standard component of the approach to confirming a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Perhaps in time it will be useful for distinguishing schizophrenia patients from patients with related disorders, and/or guiding treatment recommendations.

AB - The main purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of whether neuroimaging techniques can or should have a role in the diagnosis or classification of mental diseases such as schizophrenia for forensic purposes. We will first review the concept of schizophrenia by describing several aspects of the illness that are increasingly well established. We will then shift our focus to what has been discovered about schizophrenia using neuroimaging methodologies to examine patients' brain structure, the connectivity of their neurons, as well as functioning under a number of different circumstances. Because of its forensic relevance, we also address schizophrenia's comorbidity with violence and substance use. Lastly, we review the potential for using neuroimaging as a diagnostic tool to classify individuals both before and after illness onset. One key observation within this chapter is that classification algorithms may benefit further from several modes of brain imaging techniques (e.g. combinations of structural, functional and connectivity markers); these algorithms may be further aided by behavioral measures, such as those assessed by neuropsychological tasks. While there are still several pending issues that need to be addressed, findings reported in this chapter suggest that there is potential for neuroimaging to become a standard component of the approach to confirming a diagnosis of schizophrenia. Perhaps in time it will be useful for distinguishing schizophrenia patients from patients with related disorders, and/or guiding treatment recommendations.

KW - DTI

KW - FMRI

KW - Forensic psychiatry

KW - MRI

KW - Neurodiagnostics

KW - Neuroimaging

KW - Schizoaffective disorder

KW - Schizophrenia

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84888698624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84888698624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/9781119968900.ch7

DO - 10.1002/9781119968900.ch7

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780470976999

SP - 113

EP - 129

BT - Neuroimaging in Forensic Psychiatry

PB - John Wiley and Sons

ER -