Imaging cardiac activation sequence during ventricular tachycardia in a canine model of nonischemic heart failure

Chengzong Han, Steven M. Pogwizd, Long Yu, Zhaoye Zhou, Cheryl R. Killingsworth, Bin He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Noninvasive cardiac activation imaging of ventricular tachycardia (VT) is important in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of arrhythmias in heart failure (HF) patients. This study investigated the ability of the three-dimensional cardiac electrical imaging (3DCEI) technique for characterizing the activation patterns of spontaneously occurring and norepinephrine (NE)-induced VTs in a newly developed arrhythmogenic canine model of nonischemic HF. HF was induced by aortic insufficiency followed by aortic constriction in three canines. Up to 128 body-surface ECGs were measured simultaneously with bipolar recordings from up to 232 intramural sites in a closed-chest condition. Data analysis was performed on the spontaneously occurring VTs (n = 4) and the NE-induced nonsustained VTs (n = 8) in HF canines. Both spontaneously occurring and NE-induced nonsustained VTs initiated by a focal mechanism primarily from the subendocardium, but occasionally from the subepicardium of left ventricle. Most focal initiation sites were located at apex, right ventricular outflow tract, and left lateral wall. The NE-induced VTs were longer, more rapid, and had more focal sites than the spontaneously occurring VTs. Good correlation was obtained between imaged activation sequence and direct measurements (averaged correlation coefficient of ∼0.70 over 135 VT beats). The reconstructed initiation sites were ∼10 mm from measured initiation sites, suggesting good localization in such a large animal model with cardiac size similar to a human. Both spontaneously occurring and NE-induced nonsustained VTs had focal initiation in this canine model of nonischemic HF. 3DCEI is feasible to image the activation sequence and help define arrhythmia mechanism of nonischemic HF-associated VTs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H108-H114
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume308
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Canine model
  • Electrocardiography
  • Heart failure
  • Imaging
  • Mapping
  • Ventricular tachycardia

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