Image-inspired 3D multiphoton excited fabrication of extracellular matrix structures by modulated raster scanning

Visar Ajeti, Chi Hsiang Lien, Shean Jen Chen, Ping Jung Su, Jayne M. Squirrell, Katharine H. Molinarolo, Gary E. Lyons, Kevin W. Eliceiri, Brenda M. Ogle, Paul J. Campagnola

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiphoton excited photochemistry is a powerful 3D fabrication tool that produces sub-micron feature sizes. Here we exploit the freeform nature of the process to create models of the extracellular matrix (ECM) of several tissues, where the design blueprint is derived directly from high resolution optical microscopy images (e.g. fluorescence and Second Harmonic Generation). To achieve this goal, we implemented a new form of instrument control, termed modulated raster scanning, where rapid laser shuttering (10 MHz) is used to directly map the greyscale image data to the resulting protein concentration in the fabricated scaffold. Fidelity in terms of area coverage and relative concentration relative to the image data is 95%. We compare the results to an STL approach, and find the new scheme provides significantly improved performance. We suggest the method will enable a variety of cell-matrix studies in cancer biology and also provide insight into generating scaffolds for tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)25346-25355
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Volume21
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 21 2013

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    Ajeti, V., Lien, C. H., Chen, S. J., Su, P. J., Squirrell, J. M., Molinarolo, K. H., Lyons, G. E., Eliceiri, K. W., Ogle, B. M., & Campagnola, P. J. (2013). Image-inspired 3D multiphoton excited fabrication of extracellular matrix structures by modulated raster scanning. Optics Express, 21(21), 25346-25355. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.21.025346