ILSI Brazil International Workshop on Functional Foods

A narrative review of the scientific evidence in the area of carbohydrates, microbiome, and health

Marie E. Latulippe, Agnès Meheust, Livia Augustin, David Benton, Přemysl Berčík, Anne Birkett, Alison L. Eldridge, Joel Faintuch, Christian Hoffmann, Julie Miller Jones, Cyril Kendall, Franco Lajolo, Gabriela Perdigon, Pedro Antonio Prieto, Robert A. Rastall, John L. Sievenpiper, Joanne Slavin, Elizabete Wenzel De Menezes, Mariela Berezovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To stimulate discussion around the topic of 'carbohydrates' and health, the Brazilian branch of the International Life Sciences Institute held the 11th International Functional Foods Workshop (1-2 December 2011) in which consolidated knowledge and recent scientific advances specific to the relationship between carbohydrates and health were presented. As part of this meeting, several key points related to dietary fiber, glycemic response, fructose, and impacts on satiety, cognition, mood, and gut microbiota were realized: 1) there is a need for global harmonization of a science-based fiber definition; 2) low-glycemic index foods can be used to modulate the postprandial glycemic response and may affect diabetes and cardiovascular outcomes; 3) carbohydrate type may influence satiety and satiation; glycemic load and glycemic index show links to memory, mood, and concentration; 4) validated biomarkers are needed to demonstrate the known prebiotic effect of carbohydrates; 5) negative effects of fructose are not evident when human data are systematically reviewed; 6) new research indicates that diet strongly influences the microbiome; and 7) there is mounting evidence that the intestinal microbiota has the ability to impact the gut-brain axis. Overall, there is much promise for development of functional foods that impact the microbiome and other factors relevant to health, including glycemic response (glycemic index/glycemic load), satiety, mood, cognition, and weight management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number19214
JournalFood and Nutrition Research
Volume57
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Fingerprint

Functional Food
Microbiota
satiety
Glycemic Index
functional foods
glycemic index
Brazil
emotions
Carbohydrates
carbohydrates
Education
Health
Fructose
intestinal microorganisms
cognition
Cognition
fructose
dietary fiber
Satiation
Prebiotics

Keywords

  • Biomarkers
  • Carbohydrates
  • Cognition
  • Fiber
  • Fructose
  • Functional food
  • Glycemia
  • Gut health
  • Microbiome
  • Mood
  • Prebiotic
  • Satiety
  • Weight

Cite this

ILSI Brazil International Workshop on Functional Foods : A narrative review of the scientific evidence in the area of carbohydrates, microbiome, and health. / Latulippe, Marie E.; Meheust, Agnès; Augustin, Livia; Benton, David; Berčík, Přemysl; Birkett, Anne; Eldridge, Alison L.; Faintuch, Joel; Hoffmann, Christian; Miller Jones, Julie; Kendall, Cyril; Lajolo, Franco; Perdigon, Gabriela; Prieto, Pedro Antonio; Rastall, Robert A.; Sievenpiper, John L.; Slavin, Joanne; De Menezes, Elizabete Wenzel; Berezovsky, Mariela.

In: Food and Nutrition Research, Vol. 57, 19214, 01.01.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Latulippe, ME, Meheust, A, Augustin, L, Benton, D, Berčík, P, Birkett, A, Eldridge, AL, Faintuch, J, Hoffmann, C, Miller Jones, J, Kendall, C, Lajolo, F, Perdigon, G, Prieto, PA, Rastall, RA, Sievenpiper, JL, Slavin, J, De Menezes, EW & Berezovsky, M 2013, 'ILSI Brazil International Workshop on Functional Foods: A narrative review of the scientific evidence in the area of carbohydrates, microbiome, and health', Food and Nutrition Research, vol. 57, 19214. https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v57i0.19214
Latulippe, Marie E. ; Meheust, Agnès ; Augustin, Livia ; Benton, David ; Berčík, Přemysl ; Birkett, Anne ; Eldridge, Alison L. ; Faintuch, Joel ; Hoffmann, Christian ; Miller Jones, Julie ; Kendall, Cyril ; Lajolo, Franco ; Perdigon, Gabriela ; Prieto, Pedro Antonio ; Rastall, Robert A. ; Sievenpiper, John L. ; Slavin, Joanne ; De Menezes, Elizabete Wenzel ; Berezovsky, Mariela. / ILSI Brazil International Workshop on Functional Foods : A narrative review of the scientific evidence in the area of carbohydrates, microbiome, and health. In: Food and Nutrition Research. 2013 ; Vol. 57.
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abstract = "To stimulate discussion around the topic of 'carbohydrates' and health, the Brazilian branch of the International Life Sciences Institute held the 11th International Functional Foods Workshop (1-2 December 2011) in which consolidated knowledge and recent scientific advances specific to the relationship between carbohydrates and health were presented. As part of this meeting, several key points related to dietary fiber, glycemic response, fructose, and impacts on satiety, cognition, mood, and gut microbiota were realized: 1) there is a need for global harmonization of a science-based fiber definition; 2) low-glycemic index foods can be used to modulate the postprandial glycemic response and may affect diabetes and cardiovascular outcomes; 3) carbohydrate type may influence satiety and satiation; glycemic load and glycemic index show links to memory, mood, and concentration; 4) validated biomarkers are needed to demonstrate the known prebiotic effect of carbohydrates; 5) negative effects of fructose are not evident when human data are systematically reviewed; 6) new research indicates that diet strongly influences the microbiome; and 7) there is mounting evidence that the intestinal microbiota has the ability to impact the gut-brain axis. Overall, there is much promise for development of functional foods that impact the microbiome and other factors relevant to health, including glycemic response (glycemic index/glycemic load), satiety, mood, cognition, and weight management.",
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AU - Hoffmann, Christian

AU - Miller Jones, Julie

AU - Kendall, Cyril

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AU - Perdigon, Gabriela

AU - Prieto, Pedro Antonio

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