Ignition of ultra-lean premixed H2/air using multiple hot turbulent jets generated by pre-chamber combustion

Sayan Biswas, Li Qiao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

81 Scopus citations


A detailed investigation on the ignition characteristics of ultra-lean premixed H2/air mixtures by multiple hot turbulent jets in a dual combustion chamber system was carried out. Simultaneous high-speed Schlieren and OH chemiluminescence imaging were applied to visualize the jet penetration and ignition processes inside the main combustion chamber. The focus was on the effects of the spark location and fuel/air equivalence ratio within the pre-chamber on the ignition pattern of the main-chamber mixture. The results show that multiple jets resulted in similar lean flammability limit of H2/air as the single jets, given that the total nozzle areas are the same. However, the ignition probability improved significantly near the lean flammability limit using multi-jets compared to single jets. Additionally, depending on the spark location and pre-chamber equivalence ratio, either the side jet, the middle jet, or all the jets can initiate ignition in the main chamber. The ignition characteristics of straight and angled multi-jets were compared, and angled jets produced shorter main chamber burn time. Numerical modeling of the flame propagation process within the pre-chamber was carried out to explain the behavior of individual jets in a multi-jet system. It was found that depending on the pre-chamber spark position, the flame shape inside the pre-chamber changes drastically. The effective L/D ratio governs the flame dynamics in the pre-chamber and subsequently determines which jet (side, middle, or all) will first ignite the main chamber.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)102-114
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
StatePublished - Mar 5 2018
Externally publishedYes


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