IFSO Worldwide Survey 2016: Primary, Endoluminal, and Revisional Procedures

Luigi Angrisani, A. Santonicola, P. Iovino, A. Vitiello, K. Higa, J. Himpens, H. Buchwald, N. Scopinaro

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677 Scopus citations


Background and Aim: The International Federation for the Surgery of Obesity and Metabolic Disorders (IFSO), being a Federation of 62 national societies, is the ideal network to monitor the number and type of procedures at a global level. The IFSO survey, enriched with a special section on revisional procedures, aims to report the number and types of bariatric procedures performed worldwide in 2016 and analyzes the surgical trends from 2008 to 2016. Methods: The 2016 IFSO Survey form was emailed to all IFSO societies. Each Society was requested to indicate the number and type of bariatric procedures performed in the country. Trend analyses from 2008 to 2016 were also performed. Results: The total number of bariatric/metabolic procedures performed in 2016 was 685,874; 634,897 (92.6%) of which were primary and 50,977 were revisional (7.4%). Among the primary interventions, 609,897 (96%) were surgical and 25,359 (4%) were endoluminal. The most performed primary surgical bariatric/metabolic procedure was sleeve gastrectomy (SG) (N = 340,550; 53.6%), followed by Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (N = 191,326; 30.1%), and one-anastomosis gastric bypass (N = 30,563; 4.8%). Conclusions: In 2016, there was an increase in the total number both of surgical and endoluminal bariatric/metabolic procedures. Revisional procedures represent about 7% of the total bariatric interventions. SG remains the most performed surgical procedure in the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3783-3794
Number of pages12
JournalObesity Surgery
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.


  • Bariatric metabolic surgery
  • Endoluminal and revisional procedures
  • Worldwide survey


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