### Abstract

A dynamic mathematical model is proposed to explain how information can influence the fraction of the population with a particular habit. The model includes several important factors mentioned by Fishbein and Ajzen, and Bentler and colleagues: (1) intention is central to behavior, (2) volitional deficiency means that only a fraction of those with the intention actually carry out the behavior, (3) normative influences can affect behavior and can be modeled in analogy to the mathematical formulation used for the diffusion of innovations, (4) information from a previous behavior can influence a behavior change so that recidivism for a behavior like quitting of smoking is dependent on the previous habit of smoking, and (5) persuasive communications from mediated sources also can influence intent and behavior. All the influences are incorporated in a time dependent manner. A procedure is proposed for testing the model for a habit like smoking using the results of a simple four question survey administered once. If validated, the theory can then be used to predict the results of advertising campaigns after the end of the campaign.

Original language | English (US) |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 265-281 |

Number of pages | 17 |

Journal | The Journal of Mathematical Sociology |

Volume | 11 |

Issue number | 3 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 1 1985 |

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*The Journal of Mathematical Sociology*,

*11*(3), 265-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/0022250X.1985.9989992

**Ideodynamic predictions for the evolution of habits.** / Fan, David P.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*The Journal of Mathematical Sociology*, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 265-281. https://doi.org/10.1080/0022250X.1985.9989992

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ideodynamic predictions for the evolution of habits

AU - Fan, David P

PY - 1985/6/1

Y1 - 1985/6/1

N2 - A dynamic mathematical model is proposed to explain how information can influence the fraction of the population with a particular habit. The model includes several important factors mentioned by Fishbein and Ajzen, and Bentler and colleagues: (1) intention is central to behavior, (2) volitional deficiency means that only a fraction of those with the intention actually carry out the behavior, (3) normative influences can affect behavior and can be modeled in analogy to the mathematical formulation used for the diffusion of innovations, (4) information from a previous behavior can influence a behavior change so that recidivism for a behavior like quitting of smoking is dependent on the previous habit of smoking, and (5) persuasive communications from mediated sources also can influence intent and behavior. All the influences are incorporated in a time dependent manner. A procedure is proposed for testing the model for a habit like smoking using the results of a simple four question survey administered once. If validated, the theory can then be used to predict the results of advertising campaigns after the end of the campaign.

AB - A dynamic mathematical model is proposed to explain how information can influence the fraction of the population with a particular habit. The model includes several important factors mentioned by Fishbein and Ajzen, and Bentler and colleagues: (1) intention is central to behavior, (2) volitional deficiency means that only a fraction of those with the intention actually carry out the behavior, (3) normative influences can affect behavior and can be modeled in analogy to the mathematical formulation used for the diffusion of innovations, (4) information from a previous behavior can influence a behavior change so that recidivism for a behavior like quitting of smoking is dependent on the previous habit of smoking, and (5) persuasive communications from mediated sources also can influence intent and behavior. All the influences are incorporated in a time dependent manner. A procedure is proposed for testing the model for a habit like smoking using the results of a simple four question survey administered once. If validated, the theory can then be used to predict the results of advertising campaigns after the end of the campaign.

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UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84928219526&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/0022250X.1985.9989992

DO - 10.1080/0022250X.1985.9989992

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 265

EP - 281

JO - Journal of Mathematical Sociology

JF - Journal of Mathematical Sociology

SN - 0022-250X

IS - 3

ER -