Identifying 'Rogue' States and Testing their Interstate Conflict Behavior

Mary Caprioli, Peter F. Trumbore

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


We explore and define the concept of a 'rogue' state based on a state's domestic patterns of behavior. We combine measures of domestic gender equality, ethnic discrimination and state repression to identify characteristics of rogue states. Once we have identified rogue states, we perform logistic regression to predict whether rogue states are more likely to be the aggressors during international disputes - whether they are more likely to use force first during interstate conflict, controlling for other possible causes of state use of force. This research adds to a growing body of scholarship in International Relations regarding the behavior of states involved in conflict, which demonstrates that states with higher levels of inequality, repression and violence exhibit higher levels of violence during international disputes and during international crises. This argument is most fully developed within feminist scholarship; however, research in the field of ethnopolitical conflict has also highlighted the negative impact of domestic discrimination and violence on state behavior at the international level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)377-406
Number of pages30
JournalEuropean Journal of International Relations
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2003

Bibliographical note

Copyright 2008 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Discrimination
  • Inequality
  • International conflict
  • Repression
  • Rogue states


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