Identifying predictors of resilience at inpatient and 3-month post-spinal cord injury

Simon Driver, Ann Marie Warren, Megan Reynolds, Stephanie Agtarap, Rita Hamilton, Zina Trost, Kimberly Monden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Objectives: To identify (1) changes in psychosocial factors, (2) relationships between psychosocial factors, and (3) significant predictors of resilience in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI) during inpatient rehabilitation and at 3-month post-discharge. Design: Cross sectional with convenience sample based on inclusion/exclusion criteria. Setting: Inpatient rehabilitation hospital and community-based follow-up. Participants: Individuals with a SCI. Interventions: Not applicable. Outcome measures: Demographic, resilience, self-efficacy for managing a chronic health issue, depression, social roles/activity limitations, and pain. Results: The final sample consisted of 44 respondents (16 women and 28 men). Results of repeated measure analyses of variance indicated no significant changes in variables between inpatient and 3-month follow-up. Bivariate correlations revealed associations between resilience and self-efficacy at inpatient (r = 0.54, P < 0.001), and resilience and depression (r =-0.69, P < 0.001) and self-efficacy (r = 0.67, P < 0.001) at 3-month follow-up. Hierarchical regression analyses a significant model predicting resilience at inpatient stay (R = 0.61; adjusted R2 = 0.24, P = 0.023), and at 3-month follow-up (R = 0.83; adjusted R2 = 0.49, P = 0.022). Self-efficacy was the strongest predictor at inpatient stay (β = 0.46, P = 0.006) and depression was strongest at 3-month follow-up (β =-0.80, P = 0.007). Conclusion: Results suggest that although resilience appears to be stable from inpatient to 3-month follow-up, different factors are stronger predictors of resilience across time. Based on current results, an assessment of self-efficacy during inpatient rehabilitation and an identification of depression at 3-month follow-up may be important factors to help identify those at risk of health issues overtime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 The Academy of Spinal Cord Injury Professionals, Inc.


  • Activity limitations
  • Depression
  • Inpatient rehabilitation
  • Resilience
  • Self-efficacy
  • Spinal cord injury


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