A previous genome-wide association study (GWAS) for leaf rust (caused by Puccinia triticina) resistance identified 46 resistance quantitative trait loci (QTL) in an elite spring wheat leaf rust resistance diversity panel. With the aim of characterizing the pleiotropic resistance sources to both leaf rust and stripe rust (caused by P. striiformis f. sp. tritici), stripe rust responses were tested in five U.S. environments at the adult-plant stage and to five U.S. races at the seedling stage. The data revealed balanced phenotypic distributions in this population except for the seedling response to P. striiformis f. sp. tritici race PSTv-37. GWAS for stripe rust resistance discovered a total of 21 QTL significantly associated with all-stage or field resistance on chromosomes 1B, 1D, 2B, 3B, 4A, 5A, 5B, 5D, 6A, 6B, 7A, and 7B. Previously documented pleiotropic resistance genes Yr18/Lr34 and Yr46/Lr67 and tightly linked genes Yr17-Lr37 and Yr30-Sr2-Lr27 were also detected in this population. In addition, stripe rust resistance QTL Yrswp-2B.1, Yrswp-3B, and Yrswp-7B colocated with leaf rust resistance loci 2B_3, 3B_t2, and 7B_4, respectively. Haplotype analysis uncovered that Yrswp-3B and 3B_t2 were either tightly linked genes or the same gene for resistance to both stripe and leaf rusts. Single nucleotide polymorphism markers IWB35950, IWB74350, and IWB72134 for the 3B QTL conferring resistance to both rusts should be useful in incorporating the resistance allele(s) in new cultivars.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding: This study is part of the Triticeae Coordinated Agriculture Project (https://www.triticeaecap.org/) funded by the U.S. Department of Agriculture National Institute of Food and Agriculture.