Identifying Causes of and Solutions for Cybersickness in Immersive Technology: Reformulation of a Research and Development Agenda

Kay Stanney, Ben D. Lawson, Bas Rokers, Mark Dennison, Cali Fidopiastis, Thomas Stoffregen, Séamas Weech, Jacqueline M. Fulvio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Immersive technologies, such as virtual and augmented reality, initially failed to live up to expectations, but have improved greatly, with many new head-worn displays and associated applications being released over the past few years. Unfortunately, ‘cybersickness’ remains as a common user problem that must be overcome if mass adoption is to be realized. This article evaluates the state of research on this problem, identifies challenges that must be addressed, and formulates an updated cybersickness research and development (R&D) agenda. The new agenda recommends prioritizing creation of powerful, lightweight, and untethered head-worn displays, reduction of visual latencies, standardization of symptom and aftereffect measurement, development of improved countermeasures, and improved understanding of the magnitude of the problem and its implications for job performance. Some of these priorities are unresolved problems from the original agenda which should get increased attention now that immersive technologies are proliferating widely. If the resulting R&D agenda is carefully executed, it should render cybersickness a challenge of the past and accelerate mass adoption of immersive technologies to enhance training, performance, and recreation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1783-1803
Number of pages21
JournalInternational journal of human-computer interaction
Issue number19
StatePublished - Nov 25 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
In summary, Stoffregen and Riccio () have provided much evidence in support of the postural instability hypothesis, which has been supported by the many studies cited above. Based on this review, the design implications for cybersickness mitigation based on the ecological hypothesis have been summarized in .

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s). Published with license by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.


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