Estrogen receptor (ER) alpha splice variant transcript profiles were analyzed by RT PCR in six ER positive breast cancer cell lines, MCF-7, T47D, ZR-75, LCC1, LCC2 and LCC9, three ER negative cell lines, MDA-MB-435, MDA-MB-235 and LCC6, and three ER positive malignant breast tumors using targeted primers which specifically anneal to the splice junctions of exon 2Δ, exon 3Δ, exons 2-3Δ, exon 4Δ, exon 5Δ, exon 6Δ and exon 7Δ. The partner primers were chosen such that largest possible transcripts were amplified between exons 1 and 8. The results described here show that each splice specific primer amplified not only the single exon deleted transcript but also a number of related transcripts that have deletions in various combinations of exons. The exon 2Δ specific primer amplified five transcripts that have deletions in exon 2, exons 2 and 7, exons 2, 5, and 7, exons 2 and 4-5, and exons 2 and 4-6. The exon 3Δ specific primer amplified two transcripts that have deletions in exon 3, and exons 3 and 7. The exon 2-3Δ specific primer amplified three products that have deletions in exons 2-3, exons 2-3 and 7 and exons 2-3, 5 and 7. The exon 4Δ specific primer amplified two products that have deletions in exon 4, and exons 4 and 7. The exon 5Δ specific primer amplified three transcripts, that have deletions in exon 5, exons 5 and 2, and exons 5, and 2-3. The 6Δ specific primer amplified only one transcript that has a deletion in exon 6. The 7Δ specific primer amplified four transcripts, that have deletions in exon 7, exons 7 and 4, exons 7 and 3-4, and exons 7 and 3-5. None of the above splice specific primers amplified the wild type ER sequences. The six ER positive cell lines differed in the patterns of the variant transcripts and among the three ER negative cell lines analyzed, only MDA-MB-435 showed the presence of exon 2Δ and exon 4Δ transcripts. Analyses in the tumor samples indicated that the above transcripts are extensively modified. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2000|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the Susan G. Komen breast cancer foundation and the Department of Defence (DAMD 17-94-J-4495) to I.P.
- Breast cancer cell lines and tumors
- Distant exon deletions
- ER alpha splice variants
- Sequential exon deletions
- Splice targeted primers