Given the important role of the estrogen receptor (ER) in the development and physiology of the breast, it is essential to delineate the mechanisms responsible for its failed expression in some breast tumors. We have cloned and sequenced a portion of the ER upstream regulatory region from the ER-positive MCF-7 and the ER-negative MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell lines to determine if sequence alterations in this region account for the ER-negative phenotype of some tumors. From this, we identified a number of variations between the sequences, two of which were determined to be associated with a 50% decrease in CAT activity.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supportedb y a grant BE-72794 from the American Cancer Society to SMH.
- Breast cancer
- Estrogen receptor
- Gene expression