Identification of microRNAs dysregulated in cellular senescence driven by endogenous genotoxic stress

Lolita S. Nidadavolu, Laura J. Niedernhofer, Saleem A. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

XFE progeroid syndrome, a disease of accelerated aging caused by deficiency in the DNA repair endonucleaseXPF-ERCC1, is modeled by Ercc1 knockout and hypomorphic mice. Tissues and primary cells from these mice senesceprematurely, offering a unique opportunity to identify factors that regulate senescence and aging. We comparedmicroRNA (miRNA) expression in Ercc1-/- primary mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and wild-type (WT) MEFs indifferent growth conditions to identify miRNAs that drive cellular senescence. Microarray analysis showed threedifferentially expressed miRNAs in passage 7 (P7) Ercc1-/- MEFs grown at 20% O2 compared to Ercc1-/- MEFs grown at 3% O2.Thirty-six differentially expressed miRNAs were identified in Ercc1-/- MEFs at P7 compared to early passage (P3) in 3%O2.Eight of these miRNAs (miR-449a, miR-455*, miR-128, miR-497, miR-543, miR-450b-3p, miR-872 and miR-10b) weresimilarly downregulated in the liver of progeroid Ercc1-/δ and old WT mice compared to adult WT mice, a tissue thatsenesces with aging. Three miRNAs (miR-449a, miR-455* and miR-128) were also downregulated in Ercc1-/δ and WT oldmice kidneys compared to young WT mice. We also discovered that the miRNA expression regulator Dicer is significantlydownregulated in tissues of old mice and late passage cells compared to young controls. Collectively these results supportthe conclusion that the miRNAs identified may play an important role in staving off cellular senescence and their alteredexpression could be indicative of aging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)460-473
Number of pages14
JournalAging
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Cellular senescence
  • DNA repair
  • MicroRNA
  • Mouse embryonic fibroblasts

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