Identification of limiting amino acids in methionine-and lysine-supplemented low-protein diets for turkeys

P. E. Waibel, C. W. Carlson, J. A. Brannon, S. L. Noll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Large White male turkeys were fed 100, 85,70, or 60% of NRC (1994) CP during 7 to 28 d (Experiment (EXP) 1), 8 to 12 wk (EXP 2), and 16 to 20 wk (EXP 3) of age. Diets contained corn, soybean, canola, and meat meals and were supplemented with Met and Lys to requirement. The influence of supplementary amino acids (AA) was studied at each protein level. Turkeys fed 85% CP gained BW similarly to those fed 100% of NRC CP (control) during each age range. Supplemental Thr, Val, and He during 7 to 28 d or 8 to 12 wk, or Thr during 16 to 20 wk, did not result in positive BW gain response. For turkeys fed 70% CP, BW gain was depressed compared with the normal-CP control in each period. During 7 to 28 d and 8 to 12 wk of age, the combination of Thr, He, Val, Arg, and Trp to 100% of NRC reversed the BW depression; here only Thr, Ile, and Val were essential components of the response. The BW depression during 16 to 20 wk was reversed by the combination of Thr, Ile, Val, and Trp. For turkeys fed 60% of CP, BW gain was severely depressed. The combination of Thr, Ile, Val, Trp, and Arg resulted in nearly complete BW recovery during each age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1299-1305
Number of pages7
JournalPoultry science
Volume79
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2000

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • Growth
  • Meat
  • Protein
  • Turkeys

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