Identification of homoeologous chromosomes in hexaploid oat (A. byzantina cv Kanota) using monosomics and RFLP analysis

W. L. Rooney, E. N. Jellen, R. L. Phillips, H. W. Rines, Shahryar Kianian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of RFLP markers, together with a partial set of monosomics available in Avena byzantina cv Kanota, has enabled us to identify putative homoeologous chromosome sets in hexaploid Avena species (2n = 6x = 42, AACCDD). We first identified probes producing distinct three-band patterns on Southern blots that possibly reflect orthologous loci of the three genomes present in the hexaploid. Using monosomic analysis, 51 different restriction fragments that hybridized to 26 probes were localized to 12 different chromosomes for which monosomic stocks were available. These DNA restriction fragments were localized to specific monosomics using image analysis to quantify band intensity relative to other bands in the same lane. From these data, we have tentatively identified two complete homoeologous sets of three chromosomes each and two partial sets of two of the three chromosomes. The results indicate that RFLP dosage analysis is useful in the characterization of homoeologous chromosomes in hexaploid oat where nullisomics for many of the chromosomes are not available. Mention of a trademark or proprietary product does not constitute a guarantee or warranty by the USDA-ARS or the University of Minnesota and does not imply approval over other products that also may be suitable

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)329-335
Number of pages7
JournalTheoretical and Applied Genetics
Volume89
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 1994

Keywords

  • A. sativa
  • Aneuploids
  • Avena byzantina
  • C-banding
  • Homoeology
  • RFLP
  • RFLP mapping

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