In vitro mutagenesis of rplB was used to generate changes in a conserved region of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein L2 between Gly221 and His231. Mutants were selected by temperature sensitivity using an inducible expression system. A mutant L2 protein with the deletion of Thr222 to Asp 228 was readily distinguishable from wild-type L2 by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and ribosomes from the strain overexpressing this mutant protein were characterized by sucrose density gradient centrifugation and protein composition. In addition to 30 S and 50 S ribosomal subunits, cell lysates contained a new component that sedimented at 40 S in 1 mM Mg2+ and at 48 S in 10 mM Mg2+. These particles contained mutant L2 protein exclusively, completely lacked L16, and had reduced amounts of L28, L33, and L34. They did not reassociate with 30 S ribosomal subunits and were inactive in polyphenylalanine synthesis. Other mutants in the same conserved region, including the substitution of His229 by Gln229, produced similar aberrant 50 S particles that sedimented at 40 S and failed to associate with 30 S subunits.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1990|