Identification of a novel phosphorylation site in ataxin-1

Cynthia A. Vierra-Green, Harry T. Orr, Huda Y. Zoghbi, Deborah A. Ferrington

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disease resulting from an expanded CAG repeat in the SCA1 gene that leads to an expanded polyglutamine tract in the gene product. Previous studies have demonstrated that serine at site 776 is phosphorylated [E.S. Emiamian, M.D. Kaytor, L.A. Duvick, T. Zu, S.K. Tousey, H.Y. Zoghbi, H.B. Clark, H.T. Orr, Serine 776 of ataxin-1 is critical for polyglutamine-induced disease in SCA1 transgenic mice, Neuron 38 (2003) 375-387.]. Studies of ataxin-1 S776 and serine mutated to an alanine, A776, have also shown differential protein-protein interactions and reduced neurodegeneration [H.K. Chen, P. Fernandez-Funez, S.F. Acevedo, Y.C. Lam, M.D. Kaytor, M.H. Fernandez, A. Aitken, E.M. Skoulakis, H.T. Orr, J. Botas, H.Y. Zoghbi, Interaction of Akt_phosphorylated ataxin-1 with 14-3-3 mediates neurodegeneration in spinocerebellar ataxia type 1.]. However, mutation of the site serine 776 to an alanine did not abolish all phosphorylation of the protein ataxin-1, suggesting the presence of additional phosphorylation sites [E.S. Emiamian, M.D. Kaytor, L.A. Duvick, T. Zu, S.K. Tousey, H.Y. Zoghbi, H.B. Clark, H.T. Orr, Serine 776 of ataxin-1 is critical for polyglutamine-induced disease in SCA1 transgenic mice, Neuron 38 (2003) 375-387.]. Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and mutational analysis demonstrated a novel phosphorylation site at serine 239 of ataxin-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-18
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research
Volume1744
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 15 2005

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The assistance of LeeAnn Higgens with the mass spectroscopy analyses is gratefully appreciated. This work was supported by grant NS 045667 from NIH/NINDS.

Keywords

  • Ataxin-1
  • MALDI-TOF MS
  • Phosphorylation
  • SCA1

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