Identification and molecular mapping of a gene conferring resistance to Pyrenophora tritici-repentis race 3 in tetraploid wheat

P. K. Singh, J. L. Gonzalez-Hernandez, M. Mergoum, S. Ali, T. B. Adhikari, S. F. Kianian, E. M. Elias, G. R. Hughes

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Abstract

Race 3 of the fungus Pyrenophora tritici-repentis. causal agent of tan spot, induces differential symptoms in tetraploid and hexaploid wheat, causing necrosis and chlorosis, respectively. This study was conducted to examine the genetic control of resistance to necrosis induced by P. triticirepentis race 3 and to map resistance genes identified in tetraploid wheat (Triticum turgidum). A mapping population of recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was developed from a cross between the resistant genotype T. turgidum no. 283 (PI 352519) and the susceptible durum cv. Coulter. Based on the reactions of the Langdon-T. dicoccoides (LDN[DIC]) disomic substitution lines, chromosomal location of the resistance genes was determined and further molecular mapping of the resistance genes for race 3 was conducted in 80 RILs of the cross T. turgidum no. 283/Coulter. Plants were inoculated at the two-leaf stage and disease reaction was assessed 8 days after inoculation based on lesion type. Disease reaction of the LDN(DIC) lines and molecular mapping on the T. turgidum no. 283/Coulter population indicated that the gene, designated tsn2, conditioning resistance to race 3 is located on the long arm of chromosome 3B. Genetic analysis of the F2 generation and of the F4:5 and F6:7 families indicated that a single recessive gene controlled resistance to necrosis induced by race 3 in the cross studied.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)885-889
Number of pages5
JournalPhytopathology
Volume96
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006

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