Identification and genetic characterization of a new totivirus from Bursera graveolens in western Ecuador

Juan F. Cornejo-Franco, Robert A. Alvarez-Quinto, Dimitre Mollov, Diego F. Quito-Avila

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The complete genomic sequence of a previously uncharacterized virus provisionally named “Bursera graveolens associated totivirus 1” (BgTV-1) was obtained from Bursera graveolens (Kunth) Triana & Planch., a tree known as “palo santo” in Ecuador. The BgTV-1 genome is a monopartite double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) that is 4794 nucleotides (nt) long (GenBank accession number ON988291). Phylogenetic analysis of the capsid protein (CP) and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) placed BgTV-1 in a clade with other plant-associated totiviruses. Amino acid (aa) sequence comparisons of putative BgTV-1 proteins showed the highest sequence similarity to those of taro-associated totivirus L (QFS21890.1-QFS21891.1) and Panax notoginseng virus A (YP_009225664.1- YP_009225665.1), with 51.4% and 49.8% identity, respectively, in the CP and 56.4% and 55.2% identity, respectively, in the RdRp. BgTV-1 was not detected in total RNA from either of the two endophytic fungi cultured from BgTV-1-positive B. graveolens leaves, suggesting that BgTV-1 may be a plant-infecting totivirus. Based on its distinct host and the low aa sequence similarity between the CP of BgTV-1 and its counterparts from the closest relatives, the virus described in this study should be assigned as a new member of the genus Totivirus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102
JournalArchives of Virology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes

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© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature.

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