In a consecutive series of 11 patients with a history of medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, we studied the appearance of ictal patterns detected by epidural screw electrodes (ESE) placed in an effort to obviate depth electrode recording. All had prior scalp sphenoidal monitoring with significant obscuration of ictal EEG by movement and muscle artifact. Six to 10 ESE were placed at bilateral temporal locations of the 10% system. Ictal findings in 4-15 partial seizures from 8 patients with mesiobasal (MBTLE) and 3 patients with neocortical (NCTLE) epilepsy were correlated with imaging and histology. Five of 8 patients with MBTLE had discrete high frequency discharges at onset, evolving within 10 s to focal theta at ESE, before appearing at scalp electrodes. All had Class 1A outcome with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). Three of 8 patients with MBTLE and MTS had less discrete onsets, with Class 1A, 1B and 3A outcomes. Two patients with NCTLE had lesions; a grade II oligoastrocytoma with rhythmic delta at ESE and Class 4 outcome, and an anterior temporal cavernous angioma with variable onsets, some of which were high frequency, with a Class 1A outcome. The third NCTLE patient demonstrated focal theta as an ictal pattern, had no lesion and a Class 1A outcome. Ictal onsets may be well localized in selected patients by ESE. A majority of patients with MTS display well defined high frequency ictal discharges.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology|
|State||Published - Mar 1997|
- epidural screw electrodes
- ictal patterns
- temporal lobe epilepsy