Neonates are unusually vulnerable to iatrogenic injury due to small body size, delicate tissues, and immature immune systems. Investigation of an unexpected neonatal death in the hospital should begin with a review of the medical record and discussion with medical staff involved in the patient[U+05F3]s care. Postmortem investigation should include a complete and well-documented autopsy. Additional investigations, such as microbiological studies and chemical and toxicological studies of postmortem and antemortem fluid samples, may be crucial in arriving at a diagnosis. Causes of iatrogenic injury include birth trauma, medication errors and adverse drug effects, hospital-acquired infection, and medical device malfunction, incorrect placement, and misuse. Autopsy is an important tool for understanding the cause of an unexpected death, improving the quality of care, and providing closure to parents and family.
- Birth injury
- Iatrogenic disease