Hypoxic culture and insulin yield improvements to fibrin-based engineered tissue

Jason W. Bjork, Lee A Meier, Sandra L. Johnson, Zeeshan H Syedain, Robert T Tranquillo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the effect of insulin supplementation and hypoxic culture (2% vs. 20% oxygen tension) on collagen deposition and mechanical properties of fibrin-based tubular tissue constructs seeded with neonatal human dermal fibroblasts. The results presented here demonstrate that constructs cultured under hypoxic conditions with insulin supplementation increased in collagen density by approximately five-fold and both the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and modulus by more than three-fold compared with normoxic (20% oxygen tension), noninsulin supplemented controls. In addition, collagen deposited on a per-cell basis increased by approximately four-fold. Interaction was demonstrated for hypoxia and insulin in combination in terms of UTS and collagen production on a per-cell basis. This interaction resulted from two distinct processes involved in collagen fibril formation. Western blot analysis showed that insulin supplementation alone increased Akt phosphorylation and the combined treatment increased collagen prolyl-4-hydroxylase. These molecules are distinct regulators of collagen deposition, having an impact at both the transcriptional and posttranslational modification stages of collagen fibril formation that, in turn, increase collagen density in the tissue constructs. These findings highlight the potential of utilizing insulin supplementation and hypoxic culture in combination to increase the mechanical strength and stiffness of fibrin-based engineered tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)785-795
Number of pages11
JournalTissue Engineering - Part A
Volume18
Issue number7-8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2012

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Insulin
Fibrin
Collagen
Tissue
Tensile Strength
Tensile strength
Oxygen
Prolyl Hydroxylases
Phosphorylation
Fibroblasts
Post Translational Protein Processing
Strength of materials
Elastic moduli
Western Blotting
Stiffness
Mechanical properties
Skin
Molecules

Cite this

Hypoxic culture and insulin yield improvements to fibrin-based engineered tissue. / Bjork, Jason W.; Meier, Lee A; Johnson, Sandra L.; Syedain, Zeeshan H; Tranquillo, Robert T.

In: Tissue Engineering - Part A, Vol. 18, No. 7-8, 01.04.2012, p. 785-795.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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