Hypothyroidism in late-onset Pompe disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose In Pompe disease, a deficiency of acid α-glucosidase enzyme activity leads to pathologic accumulation of glycogen in tissues. Phenotype heterogeneity in Pompe includes an infantile form and late-onset forms (juvenile- and adult-onset forms). Symptoms common to all phenotypes include progressive muscle weakness and worsening respiratory function. Patients with late-onset forms of Pompe disease commonly complain of chronic fatigue and generalized muscle weakness prior to being diagnosed with Pompe disease, and this may lead to consideration of hypothyroidism in the differential diagnosis. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hypothyroidism in the adult-onset form of Pompe disease. Methods Electronic chart review was performed at the Advanced Therapies Clinic at the University of Minnesota Medical Center (UMMC) to identify patients with late-onset Pompe disease. The identified charts were reviewed for a co-diagnosis of hypothyroidism. A query was made to the clinical data repository at UMMC searching diagnosis ICD9 code 244.9 (hypothyroidism not otherwise specified) and/or presence of levothyroxine from 2011 to 2014 in patients 18 years of age and older. Results The clinical data repository found a prevalence of hypothyroidism of 3.15% (56,072 of 1,782,720 patients) in the adult patient population at UMMC. Ten adult patients with Pompe disease were identified, five with the diagnosis of hypothyroidism (50%, 95% CI: 23.7, 76.3, p < 0.001 compared with the general UMMC adult population). Conclusions Hypothyroidism was found at a higher prevalence in patients with late-onset Pompe disease compared to the general adult population at UMMC. Studies in larger populations of patients with Pompe disease would be needed to confirm an association of Pompe disease and hypothyroidism. Challenges include finding an adequate sample size, due the rarity of Pompe disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-27
Number of pages4
JournalMolecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
Volume8
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 The Authors

Keywords

  • Acid α-glucosidase enzyme
  • Glycogen
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Late-onset Pompe disease

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hypothyroidism in late-onset Pompe disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this