The prevalence of hyperlipidemia in adolescents and young adults who are long-term survivors of pediatric renal transplantation with stable graft function has not previously been examined. We studied 33 renal transplant recipients aged 5 to 23 years, who were an average of 7.4 years (range 3 to 11 years) post-transplant. We found hypercholesterolemia in 17 (total cholesterol (TC) >5.18 mmol/l). Both low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were increased, such that the mean TC/HDL-C and apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 (Apo B/Apo A1) ratios were below levels associated with increased coronary artery disease risk. Subjects with hypercholesterolemia did not differ from those with normal cholesterol values in current age or age at transplant, serum creatinine, serum albumin, serum triglycerides, HDL-C, TC/HDL-C ratio, Apo B/Apo A1 ratio, prednisone dose, body mass index, gender, use of thiazides or β blockers, or family history of premature atherosclerosis. Coronary risk factors appear to cluster in these patients, with hypertension in 53% of those with hypercholesterolemia. Lipid profiles were not different in patients treated with prednisone-azathioprine vs. prednisone-azathioprine-cyclosporine A immunosuppression. A significant correlation was found between predisone dose (mg/m2) and TC, LDL-C and TC/HDL-C. According to National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines, 32% of these long-term survivors of pediatric renal transplantation warrant at least dietary intervention and 10% are candidates for treatment with lipid-lowering drugs. This proportion is likely to increase as the safety of lipid-lowering agents is established in younger children.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Issue number||3 I|
|State||Published - 1994|
- Kidney transplantation