Laboratory experiments were performed in critical mobility conditions to study the effects of an in-stream horizontal axis turbine in yawed conditions. The misalignment between the rotor axis and the incoming flow velocity is observed to alter the near and far wake of the turbine, as well as the scour and deposition patterns in the proximity of the monopile support tower. Various hydraulic conditions may lead to such misalignment, e.g., as a result of complex fluvial bathymetries distorting the flow or as a strategy to steer the wake away from downstream units and maximize energy production in a turbine array. The research first investigates the simplest case of a single turbine deployed along the channel centerline and oriented at different yaw angles to study the wake deflection and the turbine performance. A second set of experiments is performed moving the turbine relatively close to a nonerodible lateral wall to explore a potential passive yaw control strategy devoted to protect the banks from erosion by steering the wake toward the channel center and favor deposition along the bank.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Hydraulic Engineering|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2020|
- In-stream MHK turbines
- Renewable energy
- Streambank protection