Hydrogen-induced slow crack growth in Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn

N. R. Moody, W. W. Gerberich

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35 Scopus citations


The effect of hydrogen and temperature on threshold stress intensity and crack growth kinetics was studied in Ti-6Al-6V-2Sn containing 38 ppm hydrogen. A slight decrease in threshold values occurred as temperature decreased from 300 K while they increased significantly above 300 K. For a given test temperature, crack growth rates exhibited an exponential dependence on stress intensity over a major portion of growth. At 300 K the rates reached a maximum. Slow crack growth occurred predominately by cleavage of α grains which has been associated with hydride formation. The stress intensity required for hydride formation at a crack tip can be determined from hydrogen concentration and solubility considerations under stress. As these values differed from observed thresholds, a strong influence of microstructure was suggested and subsequently revealed by crack front examination. Quantification of this effect with a modified Dugdale-Barenblatt model relates the effective stress intensity at the crack tip to the applied stress intensity. Microstructure was also found to exert a strong influence on slow crack growth behavior when examined in terms of the effective stress intensity, K eff. From Arrhenius plots of crack growth rates for various K eff, activation energies of 27.0 to 32.8 kJ/mol were obtained and related to the diffusion of hydrogen through the β phase. The increase in crack growth rates with increasing temperatures up to 300 K is attributed to the temperature dependence of hydrogen diffusion. The decrease in crack growth rates above 300 K is related to a hydride nucleation problem.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)973-981
Number of pages9
JournalMetallurgical Transactions A
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1980


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