Hydrogen bonding. Part 45.† The solubility of gases and vapours in methanol at 298 K: An LFER analysis

Michael H. Abraham, Gary S. Whiting, Peter W. Carr, Hsiu Ouyang

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Abstract

Values of the Ostwald solubility coefficient of gases and vapours in methanol solvent, LMeOH, at 298 K have been determined for 23 solutes by an indirect method in which experimental partition coefficients between methanol and hexadecane were combined with literature data on Ostwald solubility coefficients in hexadecane. Another 70 LMeOH values were obtained from literature data and the total 93 values were correlated by the Abraham equation to give the regression, where n = 93, r2 = 0.9952, sd = 0.13 and F = 3681. log LMeOH = -0.004 - 0.215 R2 + 1.173 π2 H + 3.701 ∑α2 H + 1.432 ∑β2 H + 0.769 log L16 (i) The solute descriptors in eqn. (i) are: R2 an excess molar refraction, π2 H the dipolarity/polarisability, Eα2 H the overall hydrogen-bond acidity, ∑β2 H the overall hydrogen-bond basicity and log L16, where L16 is the Ostwald solubility coefficient on hexadecane at 298 K. The number of data points, or solutes, is n, the correlation coefficient is r, the standard deviation is sd and F is the F-statistic. Just as for the case of water solvent, solute dipolarity/polarisability, hydrogen-bond acidity and hydrogen-bond basicity all lead to an increase in log L, although methanol is much less acidic than water. However, contrary to the solubility of vapours in water, the log L16 descriptor now also leads to an increase in log L. Explanations for the different behaviour of water and methanol are given. An analysis of log P values for the transfer of solutes from water to methanol also shows that bulk methanol is as strong a hydrogen-bond base as bulk water but is a much weaker hydrogen-bond acid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1385-1390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society. Perkin Transactions 2
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

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