Hydrogen Atom or Proton Coupled Electron Transfer? C-H Bond Activation by Transition-Metal Oxides

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Abstract

The C-H bond activation in oxidative dehydrogenation of propane by heterobimetallic oxide clusters (first-row transition metals), deposited on the zirconium oxide node of the NU-1000 metal organic framework, was investigated by multireference wave function theory. The redox-active part of the systems studied has the composition (CoO)(MO)(OH)2 with M = Ti, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn. In this series, the energy of H transfer from propane to the metal oxide (?E) varies from -26 kcal/mol for M = Cu, Zn to 85 kcal/mol for M = Ti. This is accompanied by a change in the mechanism from hydrogen atom transfer, M2+(dn) O- → M2+(dn) OH-, for M = Cu, Zn to proton coupled electron transfer, Mm+(dn) O2- → M(m-1)+(dn+1) OH-, for M = Ni, Co, Fe, Mn, Ti. Whereas for M = Ni (?E = -13 kcal/mol) Ni+III is reduced to Ni+II, for M = Co, Fe, Mn (?E = 1, 10, 6 kcal/mol, respectively) it is Co+III that is reduced to Co+II. For M = Ti, Ti maintains its +IV oxidation state and Co+II is reduced to Co+I

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14603-14611
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume141
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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