Tranylcypromine (TCP), an amphetamine, is a reversible inhibitor of copper-containing amine oxidases. We have solved the structure of the complex of TCP with the amine oxidase from E. coli (ECAO) and shown that only the (+)-enantiomer of TCP binds. Kinetic studies on 2-phenylethylamine and TCP binding to wild-type ECAO and mutational variants fully support the model in which binding of the protonated amine is the first step in the catalytic cycle. Hydrazines are irreversible inhibitors of copper-containing amine oxidases. Binding of hydrazines leads to an adduct ("Adduct 1") with a chromophore at 430nm which converts at higher pH to another adduct ("Adduct 2") with a chromophore at 520nm. We have determined the structures of Adduct 1 and 2 for 2-hydrazinopyridine reacted with ECAO. It has been found that Adduct 1 corresponds to the hydrazone and azo tautomers whilst Adduct 2 corresponds to the azo tautomer coordinated to the active site copper. The implications of these results in developing more specific drugs are discussed.
- 2-hydrazinopyridine (2-HP)
- 2-phenylcyclopropylamine (TCP)
- Amine oxidase
- Trihydroxyphenylalanine (TPQ)