Hydration of an Acid Anhydride: The Water Complex of Acetic Sulfuric Anhydride

C. J. Smith, Anna K. Huff, Rebecca B. Mackenzie, Kenneth R. Leopold

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The complex formed from acetic sulfuric anhydride (CH3COOSO2OH, ASA) and water has been observed by pulsed nozzle Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy. ASA was formed in situ in the supersonic jet via the reaction of SO3 and CH3COOH, and subsequently complexed with water using a concentric, dual injection needle that allows reagents to be introduced at different points along the expansion axis. Spectroscopic constants for the parent, fully deuterated, and CH313COOSO2OH species are reported. Both A and E internal rotor states have been observed and analyzed. The fitted internal rotation barrier of the methyl group is 219.598(21) cm-1 for the parent species, indicating that complexation with water lowers the internal rotation barrier of the methyl group by 9% relative to that of the free ASA. M06-2X/6-311++G(3df,3pd) calculations predict at least two distinct isomeric forms of ASA···H20. Spectroscopic constants for the observed species agree with those for the lower energy isomer in which the water inserts into the intramolecular hydrogen bond of the ASA monomer. CCSD(T)/CBS(D-T) calculations place the binding energy of this isomer at 13.3 kcal/mol below that of the isolated ASA and H2O monomers. The calculations further indicate that the doubly hydrogen bonded complex CH3COOH···H2SO4, which contains the hydrolysis products of ASA, lies even lower in energy, but this species was not observed in this study. This system represents the first stage of microsolvation of an acid anhydride, and the results indicate that a single water molecule does not induce spontaneous hydrolysis in a cold molecular cluster.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4549-4554
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number18
StatePublished - May 10 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (Grant Nos. CHE−1266320 and CHE−1563324) and the Minnesota Supercomputing Institute. Anna Huff was supported by a Lester C. and Joan M. Krogh Fellowship, administered through the University of Minnesota.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.


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