We present two hybridizable discontinuous Galerkin (HDG) methods for the numerical solution of the time-harmonic Maxwell's equations. The first HDG method explicitly enforces the divergence-free condition and thus necessitates the introduction of a Lagrange multiplier. It produces a linear system for the degrees of freedom of the approximate traces of both the tangential component of the vector field and the Lagrange multiplier. The second HDG method does not explicitly enforce the divergence-free condition and thus results in a linear system for the degrees of freedom of the approximate trace of the tangential component of the vector field only. For both HDG methods, the approximate vector field converges with the optimal order of k+1 in the L2-norm, when polynomials of degree k are used to represent all the approximate variables. We propose elementwise postprocessing to obtain a new Hcurl-conforming approximate vector field which converges with order k+1 in the Hcurl-norm. We present extensive numerical examples to demonstrate and compare the performance of the HDG methods.
- Computational electromagnetics
- Discontinuous Galerkin methods
- Finite element method
- Hybrid/mixed methods
- Maxwell's equations