Hybrid Spatial-Modulation Based Virtual MIMO Relaying Protocol with SWIPT

Weilin Qu, Xiang Cheng, Liuqing Yang

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


In this paper, we propose a novel hybrid spatial-modulation (SM) based virtual MIMO relaying protocol with simultaneous wireless information and power transfer (SWIPT). The multiple relay nodes (RNs) employ a dualhop half duplex (HD) decode-and-forward (DF) protocol and harvest the radio frequency (RF) energy from the source node (SN) with the power splitting (PS) SWIPT method used. In the first hop, pre-coding aided spatial modulation (PSM) technique is used, where a portion of relay nodes (RNs) are activated to receive the transmitted signals with the zero-forcing (ZF) linear pre-coding employed at the source node (SN). The received signals at the RNs are divided into two parts by the power splitter denoted as energy signals and information signals. In the second hop, the information signals are transmitted from the active RNs to the destination node (DN) with the harvested energy, which makes the information transmission for this link SM-like. With the capacity upper bound (UB), the optimal system throughput can be analyzed and water-filling power allocation method is utilized to further boost the system throughput. With the additional information carried by the indices of the RNs, the proposed protocol can demonstrate better throughput performance against both the best RNs selection (BRS) and fix RNs (FR) virtual MIMO relaying schemes with the similar PS-SWIPT method and computation complexity. The Montecarlo simulations are conducted to verify our theoretical analysis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781538680889
StatePublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes
Event2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019 - Shanghai, China
Duration: May 20 2019May 24 2019

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607


Conference2019 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2019

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was in part supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61622101 and 61571020, the Ministry National Key Research and Development Project under Grant 2017YFE0121400, and the Major Project from Beijing Municipal Science and Technology Commission under Grant Z181100003218007.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IEEE.


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