Human–Wildlife Interactions Predict Febrile Illness in Park Landscapes of Western Uganda

Jonathan Salerno, Noam Ross, Ria Ghai, Michael Mahero, Dominic A. Travis, Thomas R. Gillespie, Joel Hartter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fevers of unknown origin complicate treatment and prevention of infectious diseases and are a global health burden. We examined risk factors of self-reported fever—categorized as “malarial” and “nonmalarial”—in households adjacent to national parks across the Ugandan Albertine Rift, a biodiversity and emerging infectious disease hotspot. Statistical models fitted to these data suggest that perceived nonmalarial fevers of unknown origin were associated with more frequent direct contact with wildlife and with increased distance from parks where wildlife habitat is limited to small forest fragments. Perceived malarial fevers were associated with close proximity to parks but were not associated with direct wildlife contact. Self-reported fevers of any kind were not associated with livestock ownership. These results suggest a hypothesis that nonmalarial fevers in this area are associated with wildlife contact, and further investigation of zoonoses from wildlife is warranted. More generally, our findings of land use–disease relationships aid in hypothesis development for future research in this social-ecological system where emerging infectious diseases specifically, and rural public health provisioning generally, are important issues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)675-690
Number of pages16
JournalEcoHealth
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2017

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Keywords

  • Central Africa
  • Fevers of unknown origin
  • Human–wildlife interactions
  • Malaria
  • Protected areas

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