Human immunodeficiency virus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus

Benjamin Kloesel, Michaela K. Farber

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is transmitted through contaminated blood after contact with mucous membranes, wounds, transfusions, intravenous drug use, through sexual contact, and from mother to child during gestation, delivery, or breastfeeding. After inoculation, seroconversion occurs after two to three weeks. Initial symptoms resemble flu and can include fever, fatigue, myalgias, pharyngitis, and generalized lymphadenopathy. The term AIDS is reserved for individuals with HIV infection and presence of at least one AIDS-defining diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssential Clinical Anesthesia Review
Subtitle of host publicationKeywords, Questions and Answers for the Boards
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9781139584005
ISBN (Print)9781107681309
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015


  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
  • Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART)
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  • Non-nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI)
  • Nucleoside analog reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI)
  • Protease inhibitors (PI)
  • Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Human immunodeficiency virus, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this