Human health risks in national capital territory of Delhi due to air pollution

Ajay Singh Nagpure, Bhola Ram Gurjar, J. C. Martel

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60 Scopus citations


This study evaluates the human health risks in Indian National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT Delhi) in terms of mortality and morbidity due to air pollution. The spreadsheet model, Risk of Mortality/Morbidity due to Air Pollution (Ri-MAP) was used to evaluate the direct health impacts of various criteria air pollutants present in various districts of NCT Delhi during the period 1991 to 2010. By adopting the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline concentrations for the air pollutants SO2, NO2 and total suspended particles (TSP), concentration-response relationships and a population attributable-risk proportion concept were employed. About 11 394, 3 912, 1 697 and 16 253 excess number of cases of total mortality, cardiovascular mortality, respiratory mortality and hospital admission of COPD respectively were observed for entire NCT Delhi in year 2000. However, within a one decade, in year 2010 these figures became 18 229, 6 374, 2 701 and 26 525. District-wise analysis shows that North West district is having the highest number of mortality and morbidity cases continuously after 2002, moreover least excess number of cases was observed for New Delhi district.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)371-380
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Pollution Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 2014


  • Air pollution
  • Human health
  • Morbidity
  • Mortality
  • Respiratory diseases


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