Human gait energy harvesting through decoupled suspended load backpacks

Rammohan Sriramdas, Ricardo Cruz, Anthony J. Garcia, Nathan L. Sharpes, Shashank Priya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Harvesting energy from human motion has the potential to power wearable sensors and low power portable systems. Here, a backpack harvester that generates electrical energy by suspending the pack-mass only on springs is demonstrated. In this mechanism, the relative motion between a fixed frame (relative to the body) and a suspended frame winds a torsional spring that serves as a mechanical reservoir in one-half of the oscillation cycle (one walking step). In the second half cycle, the stored energy is released to the generator. This approach eliminates the damping force from the generator on the human bearing the load. As the load is suspended on springs and does not directly drive the generator, the proposed system results in a decoupled harvester. Experimental results demonstrate that the output power generated from the decoupled harvester is 65% of that obtained from a semi-coupled harvester with 52% smaller backpack displacements and oscillatory forces. The decoupled and semi-coupled backpack harvesters achieved 53% and 45% efficiency at 1.4 m/s walking speed compared to 34% efficiency in a fully coupled harvester. This demonstrates significant advancement towards developing decoupled backpack energy harvesters that suspend pack-mass only on springs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number104734
JournalMechanism and Machine Theory
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
R.S. and R.C. are thankful to CERDEC for supporting their work. S.P. acknowledges the support from the National Science Foundation through the I/UCRC: Center for Energy Harvesting Materials and Systems (CEHMS). A.J.G. acknowledges the financial support from the Office of Naval Research (ONR).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022


  • Backpack energy harvester
  • Decoupled harvester
  • Human gait
  • Power input
  • Semi-coupled harvester


Dive into the research topics of 'Human gait energy harvesting through decoupled suspended load backpacks'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this