Purpose: Exosomes play important roles in intercellular communication through signaling pathways affecting tumor microenvironment modulation and tumor proliferation, including those in glioblastoma (GBM). As yet, however, limited studies have been conducted on the inhibitory effect of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hBMSC)-derived exosomes on GBM development. Therefore, we set out to assess the role of hBMSC secreted exosomes, in particular those carrying microRNA-34a (miR-34a), in the development of GBM. Methods: Microarray-based expression analysis was employed to identify differentially expressed genes and to predict miRNAs regulating MYCN expression. Next, hBMSCs were transfected with a miR-34a mimic or inhibitor after which exosomes were isolated. Proliferation, apoptosis, migration, invasion and temozolomide (TMZ) chemosensitivity of exosome-exposed GBM cells (T-98G, LN229 and A-172) were measured in vitro. The mechanism underlying MYCN regulation was investigated using lentiviral transfections. The in vivo inhibitory effect of exosomal miR-34a was measured in nude mice xenografted with GBM cells through subcutaneous injection of hBMSCs with an upregulated miR34a content. Results: We found that poorly-expressed miR-34a specifically targeted and negatively regulated the expression of MYCN in GBM cells. In addition we found that miR-34a was delivered to T-98G, LN229 and A-172 GBM cells via hBMSC-derived exosomes. Exogenous overexpression of miR-34a in hBMSC-derived exosomes resulted in inhibition of GBM cell proliferation, invasion, migration and tumorigenesis in vitro and in vivo, while promoting the chemosensitivity of GBM cells to TMZ by silencing MYCN. Conclusions: From our data we conclude that hBMSC-derived exosomes overexpressing miR-34a may be instrumental for the therapeutic targeting and clinical management of GBM.
- Human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells
PubMed: MeSH publication types
- Journal Article