The factors regulating the bone tropism of disseminated prostate cancer cells are still vaguely defined. We report that prostate cancer cells that metastasize to the skeleton respond to human bone marrow with a robust stimulation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt pathway, whereas prostate cells that lack bone-metastatic potential respond negligibly. The majority of this Akt activation is dependent on α-platelet-derived growth factor receptor (α-PDGFR) signaling, which was shown using the small-molecule inhibitor of PDGFR signaling AG1296. Low concentrations of PDGF-AA and PDGF-BB found in bone marrow aspirates, which were detected by ELISA, do not account for the high levels of alpha-PDGFR signaling. Additionally, neutralizing PDGF binding using a alpha-PDGFR-specific antibody (IMC-3G3) failed to produce a significant inhibition of bone marrow-induced Akt activation. However, the inhibitory effect of IMC-3G3 rivaled that of AG1296 when incubation was done under conditions that stimulated alpha-PDGFR internalization. We conclude that α-PDGFR is activated by multiple soluble factors contained within human bone marrow, in addition to its natural ligands, and this transactivation is dependent on receptor localization to the plasma membrane. Therefore, α-PDGFR expression may provide select prostate phenotypes with a growth advantage within the bone microenvironment.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||Urologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2008|