Hull-less barley for swine: Ileal and faecal digestibility of proximate nutrients, amino acids and non-starch polysaccharides

Samuel K. Baidoo, Yong Gang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

The nutritive value of three hull-less barley cultivars (Condor, Falcon and CDC Buck) were evaluated. The samples were analysed for proximate composition, amino acids and non-starch polysaccharides (NSP). Wheat and normal barley were used for comparison. Apparent digestibilities were determined with eight cannulated pigs. The diets were formulated to have all energy and protein supplied by the cereals. Compared to normal barley, hull-less barley has higher contents of protein and amino-acids, and lower levels of fibre components. The levels of several essential amino acids in hull-less barley are higher than in wheat. No obvious differences in NSP composition were observed, but the hull-less barley contained considerably higher levels of β-glucan compared to hulled barley and wheat. In digestion trials the piglets did not accept the diet in which conventional barley was formulated as the only energy and protein source, whereas hull-less barleys were well consumed. The results showed that, in the order of Condor, Falcon, CDC Buck and wheat, the overall tract digestibilities of intake energy were 83.1, 80.3, 83.2 and 82.9%, and of protein were 72.6, 69.5, 76.5 and 77.6%, respectively. The averages of apparent ileal amino acid digestibility were 56.5, 58.4, 65.3 and 65.4%, respectively. Hull-less barleys showed 20-37% ileal digestibility of total NSP. This study provides digestibility coefficients of hull-less barleys, and it is concluded that the digestibility of hull-less barley is comparable to wheat and superior to hulled barley in terms of nutrient composition and acceptability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-403
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume76
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998

Keywords

  • Components
  • Digestibility
  • Hull-less barley
  • Swine

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