How parents hear about human papillomavirus vaccine: Implications for uptake

Joan R. Cates, Autumn Shafer, Francesca D. Carpentier, Paul L. Reiter, Noel T. Brewer, Annie Laurie McRee, Jennifer S. Smith

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    59 Scopus citations


    Purpose: To examine correlates of human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine awareness and information sources in a state requiring schools to inform parents about HPV vaccine. Methods: Telephone survey of a North Carolina population-based sample of 696 parents of females aged 10-17 years about HPV vaccine awareness and information sources (daughters' schools, healthcare provider, drug company advertisements, news stories) was conducted. Results: Overall, 91% of parents had heard of HPV vaccine. Parents were more likely to be aware if they had household incomes of $50,000 or higher, were women, had non-Hispanic white daughters, or had daughters vaccinated against meningitis. Information sources included drug company advertisements (64%), healthcare providers (50%), news stories (50%), and schools (9%). Only parents who heard from their children's healthcare providers were more likely to initiate HPV vaccine for their daughters. Conclusions: Parents had rarely heard of the vaccine through schools. The only source associated with vaccine initiation was hearing from a healthcare provider.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)305-308
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Sep 2010

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    This study was supported by grants from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ( S3715-25/25 ), Cancer Control Education Program at Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center ( R25 CA57726 ), and American Cancer Society ( MSRG-06-259-01-CPPB ). The authors thank Donna Miles, James Cassell, Harry Herrick, Bob Woldman, and the staff at the North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics for their assistance.


    • HPV
    • HPV vaccine
    • Human papillomavirus
    • Information sources

    PubMed: MeSH publication types

    • Journal Article
    • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
    • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.


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