Introduction Reducing tobacco-related health disparities has been a public health priority for more than 2 decades, yet disparities in cigarette use have remained steady or worsened. Less is known about how disparities in other tobacco products have changed over time. Our study examined trends in cigarette and other tobacco product use in Minnesota with the goal of informing efforts aimed at reducing disparities. Methods We examined tobacco use disparities as a function of education, income, and race across the Minnesota Adult Tobacco Survey results in 2010 (N = 7,057), 2014 (N = 9,304), and 2018 (N = 6,055). Tobacco use was captured by assessing past 30-day use of 4 tobacco products: cigarettes, cigars, e-cigarettes, and smokeless tobacco, plus combustibles (ie, cigarettes and/or cigars) and any tobacco (ie, use of any of the 4 products). Results At each wave, those with lower income and education reported greater use of cigarettes, combustibles, and any tobacco than those with higher income and education. Black respondents were more likely to report cigar and combustibles use than White respondents in 2018, whereas White respondents were more likely to report smokeless tobacco use in 2014. We saw no significant waveby-demographic interactions, suggesting that the magnitude of the disparity remained unchanged over time for any tobacco product. Conclusion Substantial disparities in tobacco use remain across education, income, and race, even in a state such as Minnesota with a strong tobacco control program. Additional efforts are needed to close disparity gaps and reach endgame tobacco use targets for all subpopulations.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Paula Keller and Ann St. Claire for reviewing an earlier draft of this article. This research was funded by ClearWay Minnesota, an independent nonprofit organization, and State Core Tobacco Control funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) CDC-RFA-DP15-1509 (1U58DP006005-01). The survey firm, Westat Inc., we used for data collection was through a contract with ClearWay Minnesota. CDC had no role in the study design, data collection, analysis, interpretation of data, writing of the article, or decision to submit for publication. The authors declare no conflicts of interest. No copyrighted materials were used in this article.