How do individuals adapt their personal travel? A conceptual exploration of the consideration of travel-related strategies

Xinyu Cao, Patricia L. Mokhtarian

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    31 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Preparatory to an empirical analysis, this study conceptually discusses the influences of objective and subjective variables on the consideration of 16 travel-related strategies, reflecting a range of options individuals have to adapt to congestion. The variables considered here were measured by a 1998 survey conducted in the San Francisco Bay Area. The conceptual exploration shows that the consideration of travel-related strategies may be affected by the amounts of travel that individuals actually do, their subjective assessments, desires, affinities, and constraints with respect to travel. Individuals' travel attitudes, personality, lifestyle and prior experience are also likely to affect their current consideration. Socio-economic and demographic characteristics may exhibit distributional effects with respect to the options individuals consider. These potential influences indicate that the individual adaptation process may be influenced by a wide range of qualitative and experiential variables, which are often ignored or omitted by policy makers and planners. A companion paper develops binary logit models of the consideration of each strategy.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)199-206
    Number of pages8
    JournalTransport Policy
    Volume12
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2005

    Bibliographical note

    Funding Information:
    This research was funded by the University of California Transportation Center. Parts of Sections 2–4 are borrowed from Mokhtarian et al. (2001); Clay and Mokhtarian (2004) . Advice from Ilan Salomon and several anonymous referees was also helpful in improving this paper.

    Keywords

    • Adaptation
    • Congestion
    • Transportation demand management
    • Travel behavior

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