Evidence from multiple lines of research supports the effectiveness and practical importance of Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous. Conference presenters discussed the relationship between 12-Step participation and abstinence among various populations, including adolescents, women, and urban drug users. Insight from the arts and humanities placed empirical findings in a holistic context.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The author’s research was supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism and the National Institute on Drug Abuse. It was funded by the University of Michigan Substance Abuse Research Center.
- Alcoholics Anonymous
- Narcotics Anonymous
- mutual help