Hourly variation in transect counts of birds

J. G. Blake, J. M. Hanowski, G. J. Niemi, P. T. Collins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Examined hourly variation in numbers of birds detected during morning line transect counts in Wisconsin and Upper Peninsula Michigan. Mean number of individuals detected generally was highest during the first or second hour in each state. Hourly differences in total individuals were significant in one of 11 monthly samples in Wisconsin and in four of 11 in Michigan. Lowest counts of total individuals were recorded during the fourth hour. No significant difference among hours was detected in mean number of species detected per hour in Wisconsin. Differences were significant in three Michigan samples and approached significance in a fourth. Lowest counts of total species occurred during the fourth hour. Individual species varied in hourly trends; some increased during the morning, some decreased, and others showed no consistent pattern in number of individuals detected per hour. Hourly differences in abundance of individual species were significant in 12 of 61 comparisons (20%) in Wisconsin but in only one of 62 (2%) in Michigan. -from Authors

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalOrnis Fennica
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991


Dive into the research topics of 'Hourly variation in transect counts of birds'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this