The immediate-early (IE) protein BICP22 of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) acts as transrepressor protein on viral promoters of different kinetic classes. In the present work, we looked for host cell targets of BICP22 using a yeast two-hybrid system and identified seven candidates: (1) JIK, a serine/threonine kinase of the sterile 20 protein (STE20) family that inhibits stress-related pathways; (2) cAMP response element binding protein-like 2 (CREBL2), which in its bZip domain shares homology with CREB, modulating transcription of cAMP responsive genes; (3) DNA-dependent ATPase and helicase (ATRX), a protein of the SNF2 family altering nucleosome structure; (4) scaffold attachment factor B (SAF-B), which helps to organize chromatin into topologically separated loops; (5) peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase COOH-terminal interactor protein 1 (PAMCIP1), involved in regulation of the secretory pathway in the perinuclear area; (6) zinc finger protein (ZNF38) found in proliferating cells and possibly associated with meiosis in male and female gametogenesis; (7) FLJ22709, hypothetical protein conserved among various species, containing an occludin/ELL domain. To confirm some of the interactions by confocal fluorescence microscopy, BICP22 was tagged with red fluorescent protein in an amplicon, and selected target sequences were tagged with green fluorescent protein in plasmid expression vectors. Upon amplicon transduction of Vero cells and plasmid transfection, CREBL2 and ZNF38 both colocalized with BICP22 in distinct nuclear domains.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We thank Cornel Fraefel, Kurt Tobler and Mathias Ackermann for help and discussions. This work was supported by grants Nr. 3100-053751.98, 3100-065396.01 and 3200-068223.02 from the Swiss National Science Foundation.
- Bovine herpesvirus 1
- Nuclear protein
- Yeast two-hybrid