Infection contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic cell transplantation. A complex interplay of host, graft, and technical factors contributes to infectious risk in the recipient. Host factors such as age, underlying disease, and comorbidities; central venous access; and the preparative regimen contribute to mucosal disruption, organ dysfunction, and immunodeficiency before hematopoietic cell transplantation. Graft factors, including donor histocompatibility, cell source, and graft components, along with immunosuppression and graft-versus-host disease, contribute to the speed of immune reconstitution. Evaluation of these factors, plus previous and posttransplant exposure to pathogens, is necessary to best assess an individual recipient's infection risk.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Inc.
- Hematopoietic cell transplantation
- Immune reconstitution
- Infection risk factors
- Nonrelapse mortality
- Transplant infectious disease
- Transplant-related mortality