Hormonal regulation of leptin mRNA expression and preadipocyte recruitment and differentiation in porcine primary cultures of S-V cells

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Abstract

The hormonal regulation of leptin mRNA expression and the association between leptin expression and adipocyte differentiation were examined in primary cultures of porcine S-V cells with Northern blot and innnunocytochemical analysis. Seeding for 3 days with fetal bovine serum (FBS) with varying levels of dexamethasone (Dex) increased levels of leptin mRNA in a dosedependent manner in parallel with increases in the proportion of preadipocytes (AD-3 positive cells; AD-3, a preadipocyte marker). Six-day treatment with 10 or 850 nM insulin after FBS+Dex treatment resulted in a similar increase in leptin mRNA expression and morphological differentiation. However, significantly lower levels of leptin mRNA and smaller fat cells were observed in cultures treated with 1 nM insulin or 10 nM insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Dex-induced increases in leptin mRNA levels and AD-3 cell numbers were blocked completely by the addition of transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) to FBS+Dex-treated cultures. However TGF-β significantly increased fat cell size and leptin mRNA expression when added to ITS (insulin, 850 nM; transferrin, 5 μg/ml; and selenium, 5 μg/mL) treated cultures during the lipid-filling stage. When added with FBS+DEX for the first 3 days, growth hormone (GH) did not influence the Dex-induced increase in AD-3 cells and leptin mRNA expression, but GH reduced leptin mRNA levels when added with insulin for 6 days after FBS+Dex. These results demonstrated that regulation of leptin mRNA expression by Dex, insulin, IGF-I, TGF-β, and GH may be associated with changes in preadipocyte number and fat cell size.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)164-172
Number of pages9
JournalObesity research
Volume6
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Differentiation
  • Gene expression
  • Leptin
  • Porcine
  • Preadipocyte

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