The hormonal control of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/ fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase gene expression was studied in the rat hepatoma cells, FTO-2B. In contrast to another hepatoma cell line (HTC), the enzyme in FTO-2B cells displays both kinase and bisphosphatase activities. As in rat liver, the mRNA in FTO-2B cells is 2.2-kilobases in length. However, the 5′ region of the mRNA differs from the mRNA in the liver in that it contains sequences unique to 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase mRNA from skeletal muscle. These results suggest that the mRNA in FTO-2B cells may represent an additional alternative splicing product of the 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase gene. Exposure of FTO-2B cells to media containing either insulin (10-7 M) or dexamethasone (10-6 M) induced about a 10-fold increase in the level of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase mRNA within 6-10 h of hormone treatment. The concentrations of insulin or dexamethasone giving half-maximal stimulation were 10-9 M and 2 × 10-8 M, respectively, and dibutyryl cyclic AMP (5 × 10-7 M) completely prevented the increase in enzyme mRNA induced by these hormones. Exposure of cells to glucose-free medium abolished the insulin-mediated enhancement in 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase mRNA, but not that induced by dexamethasone. No alteration in the degradation rate of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase mRNA was noted when cells were treated with insulin. Run-on transcription assays with isolated nuclei showed an increase in the relative transcription rate of the gene in cells treated with either insulin or dexamethasone. The time course of transcription activation preceded the increase in the level of the mRNA, indicating that the main mechanism for the induction of 6-phosphofructo-2-kinase/fructose-2,6-bisphosphatase expression by insulin and dexamethasone is mediated by stimulation of gene transcription.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Biological Chemistry
|Published - Jan 25 1991