Horizons: nuclear astrophysics in the 2020s and beyond

H. Schatz, A. D. Becerril Reyes, A. Best, E. F. Brown, K. Chatziioannou, K. A. Chipps, C. M. Deibel, R. Ezzeddine, D. K. Galloway, C. J. Hansen, F. Herwig, A. P. Ji, M. Lugaro, Z. Meisel, D. Norman, J. S. Read, L. F. Roberts, A. Spyrou, I. Tews, F. X. TimmesC. Travaglio, N. Vassh, C. Abia, P. Adsley, S. Agarwal, M. Aliotta, W. Aoki, A. Arcones, A. Aryan, A. Bandyopadhyay, A. Banu, D. W. Bardayan, J. Barnes, A. Bauswein, T. C. Beers, J. Bishop, T. Boztepe, B. Cote, M. E. Caplan, A. E. Champagne, J. A. Clark, M. Couder, A. Couture, S. E. de Mink, S. Debnath, R. J. deBoer, J. den Hartogh, P. Denissenkov, V. Dexheimer, I. Dillmann, J. E. Escher, M. A. Famiano, R. Farmer, R. Fisher, C. Frohlich, A. Frebel, C. Fryer, G. Fuller, A. K. Ganguly, S. Ghosh, B. K. Gibson, T. Gorda, K. N. Gourgouliatos, V. Graber, M. Gupta, W. C. Haxton, A. Heger, W. R. Hix, W. C.G. Ho, E. M. Holmbeck, A. A. Hood, S. Huth, G. Imbriani, R. G. Izzard, R. Jain, H. Jayatissa, Z. Johnston, T. Kajino, A. Kankainen, G. G. Kiss, A. Kwiatkowski, M. La Cognata, A. M. Laird, L. Lamia, P. Landry, E. Laplace, K. D. Launey, D. Leahy, G. Leckenby, A. Lennarz, B. Longfellow, A. E. Lovell, W. G. Lynch, S. M. Lyons, K. Maeda, E. Masha, C. Matei, J. Merc, B. Messer, F. Montes, A. Mukherjee, M. R. Mumpower, D. Neto, B. Nevins, W. G. Newton, L. Q. Nguyen, K. Nishikawa, N. Nishimura, F. M. Nunes, E. O'Connor, B. W. O'Shea, W. J. Ong, S. D. Pain, M. A. Pajkos, M. Pignatari, R. G. Pizzone, V. M. Placco, T. Plewa, B. Pritychenko, A. Psaltis, D. Puentes, Y. Z. Qian, D. Radice, D. Rapagnani, B. M. Rebeiro, R. Reifarth, A. L. Richard, N. Rijal, I. U. Roederer, J. S. Rojo, Y. Saito, A. Schwenk, M. L. Sergi, R. S. Sidhu, A. Simon, T. Sivarani, A. Skuladottir, M. S. Smith, A. Spiridon, T. M. Sprouse, S. Starrfield, A. W. Steiner, F. Strieder, I. Sultana, R. Surman, T. Szucs, A. Tawfik, F. Thielemann, L. Trache, R. Trappitsch, M. B. Tsang, A. Tumino, S. Upadhyayula, J. O. Valle Martinez, M. Van der Swaelmen, C. Viscasillas Vázquez, A. Watts, B. Wehmeyer, M. Wiescher, C. Wrede, J. Yoon, R. G.T. Zegers, M. A. Zermane, M. Zingale

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Nuclear astrophysics is a field at the intersection of nuclear physics and astrophysics, which seeks to understand the nuclear engines of astronomical objects and the origin of the chemical elements. This white paper summarizes progress and status of the field, the new open questions that have emerged, and the tremendous scientific opportunities that have opened up with major advances in capabilities across an ever growing number of disciplines and subfields that need to be integrated. We take a holistic view of the field discussing the unique challenges and opportunities in nuclear astrophysics in regards to science, diversity, education, and the interdisciplinarity and breadth of the field. Clearly nuclear astrophysics is a dynamic field with a bright future that is entering a new era of discovery opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number110502
JournalJournal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We thank all participants of the 2020 JINA Horizons meeting for their active participation that formed the basis of this paper. The organization of the meeting and the writing of this paper have been supported by the US National Science Foundation through awards PHY-1430152 (Joint Institute for Nuclear Astrophysics JINA-CEE) and OISE-1927130 (IReNA), and in part by the ExtreMe Matter Institute EMMI at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung in Darmstadt, and the ‘ChETEC’ COST Action (CA16117) supported by COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology).

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